Healthy feet are the most important condition for the proper functioning of the musculoskeletal system. According to statistics, more than ¾ of the world's population suffer from flat feet, regularly feel discomfort in the spine and joints of the lower extremities. Orthopedic insoles (orthoses or arch support just the same reduce the load on the legs and help to find an easy walk).
Description and types of orthopedic insoles
Orthopedic orthoses are insoles that have a certain shape and are made from natural material. They are used to treat and prevent diseases of the musculoskeletal system, feet and flat feet (transverse, longitudinal and other forms).
Insoles are of several types: medical, hygienic, warming, magnetic, electrical insulating. Orthopedic orthoses are divided into two categories: standard and individual. Standard shoe linings are used to treat longitudinal flat feet, reduce foot load, and prevent pathologies and anomalies. They are also worn by people with diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
Individual orthopedic insoles are made to order (the stage of the disease and the anatomical features of the lower limbs of a person are taken into account). While wearing specially made arch support, the patient should not feel pain and discomfort while walking.
When choosing a model of insoles, it is necessary to pay attention to several important factors: the body weight of a person, especially deviations and pathological changes in the foot, the condition of the spine and other important parameters.
Functions and indications for the use of orthopedic insoles
Orthoses perform many functions, the main ones being protection from fungi and bacteria, reduction of chronic fatigue (observed due to a decrease in the load on the muscles of the lower leg and tendons), reduction of the load on the spine and ankles, formation of the correct arch of the foot during walking.
The physiological and medical indications for the use of orthoses include: deformation of the feet; pain during movement; fatigue and pain when bearing a child; large body weight; phlebeurysm; swelling of the lower extremities; arthrosis; all forms of flat feet. With a valgus foot installation and a long stay on the legs throughout the day, it is advisable to wear an orthopedic construction.
Causes of foot curvature
The lower limbs are naturally well constructed. This is evidenced by the shape of the foot, which allows you to evenly distribute the load. Nevertheless, according to statistics, 40-60% of the population have diseases and foot deformity. Such diseases include:
- flat feet;
- heel spurs;
- violation of the plantar aponeurosis and Achilles tendon.
Deformation of the foot can be triggered by a lack of insulin, rheumatoid polyarthritis and gout. The causes of foot curvature are age-related changes, osteoporosis, calcium deficiency, overload and improper load on the lower limbs. Therapy and preventive measures for foot diseases will not be effective with the constant misallocation of body work on the legs. To reduce the load, doctors recommend wearing arch support made of orthopedic material.
Orthopedic orthoses for children
Most parents think that orthopedic structures for children are necessary when the baby has problems with their feet, but this is not so. Orthoses are necessary so that they do not form foot defects, clubfoot and flat feet. Most often, insoles for babies fit not to the entire length of the foot, but on ¾ of its part. Experts attribute this to the fact that curvature and pathological changes most often affect the heel.
The main objective of this design is the correct formation of the lifting of the foot. Such an adaptation will allow the lower extremities not to bend to the inner edge of the foot.
High-quality instep supports are made for each person according to individual measurements, thanks to which the insole takes the natural shape of a foot. Good instep supports should have a low weight, adequate wear resistance, and also be suitable for any type of footwear. Before using a certain brand of orthoses, it is advisable to obtain the recommendations of a physician.
Correct installation of orthopedic arch support
Before buying an arch support, you need to make sure the correct selection of shoes. When using the insole, a person should wear shoes one size larger. This is necessary in order to avoid unpleasant sensations, discomfort, rubbing and pain. If there is an ordinary insole in shoes or boots, you need to remove it and carefully place an orthopedic device. With the correct installation of orthoses, it will be easy for a person to walk, stand and even run.
Caring for arch support is easy. You can not dry orthopedic orthoses on a battery, convector or other heat source, otherwise they will lose their shape and healing effect on the feet. While walking, you need to look so that the insoles do not bend, deform their surface, and for children it is advisable to insert orthoses into shoes with rigid and closed backs.
As a result of wearing insteps, light gait is formed, blood circulation in the legs is improved, fatigue of the lower extremities is reduced, pain in the spine disappears, development of pathologies and anomalies of the musculoskeletal system is prevented, and hip, knee and ankle joints are minimized.
When using orthopedic insoles, an improvement in the work of organs and systems, spring function of the arch of the foot is observed. The positive effect of wearing orthoses is the correct interaction of the foot with the support.
Orthopedic arch supports are constructions that help people move around without pain and discomfort. Thanks to these insoles, you can not only cure many diseases of the legs, but also use orthoses for prevention. With the help of high-quality insoles there is a chance to prevent the development of scoliosis, clubfoot, deformities of the feet, valgus of the heel, flat-footedness and other serious diseases.