Diet food

Potassium diet

A diet for replenishing potassium is well known in diet therapy and cardiology. This is one of the few popular techniques that is based on rigorous scientific evidence. A special diet is prescribed for children and adults, used for complex recovery and weight loss. Read more about what you can eat on a potassium diet, how this will help, and what to prepare for a child for the prevention of heart disease.

Who needs a diet?

First of all, this diet was developed for patients with impaired blood circulation and blood pressure. A specially designed diet allows you to fill in the lack of potassium, which helps to remove excess fluid from the body and normalizes pressure. For patients with diagnosed diseases of the heart and blood vessels (tachycardia, hypertension, hemorrhage, migraine, etc.), a potassium diet is prescribed as an adjuvant against the background of drug treatment.

After the approval of the therapist, absolutely everyone can use this diet. Prevention of cardiovascular disease is beneficial for both adults and children. This technique allows you to "kill several birds with one stone": lose weight, improve your health, and prevent heart disease and blood circulation. For a healthy person, it is better to apply this practice no more than once a year, since abuse can lead to increased blood clotting and the formation of blood clots. Before starting a diet, it is better to assess all the risks.

Children can also be prescribed a potassium diet for treatment and prevention. Unlike the adult menu, the children's menu should contain more useful components. The duration of the procedure should be determined by the doctor, but the diet should not last more than 10 days. If the child is completely healthy, it is recommended to introduce a potassium menu only after the approval of the doctor.

Losing weight on a potassium diet occurs by reducing the total calorie content, eliminating harmful foods and salt. Weight loss acts as a side effect of the wellness program. If the main goal is just to lose weight, you can choose this technique and lose up to 4 kilograms for the entire course. But, if the plans are for more serious weight loss, it is better to choose a technique designed exclusively for weight loss: diet ABC, Seldereeva, Mirkina, Japanese and others.

Diet rules

The whole essence of the diet is to replenish potassium reserves. This macrocell is in every organism in a stable amount, but requires replenishment, since it is washed out with the excretion of urine and sweat. The natural removal of fluid from the human body also removes a lot of useful substances. Lack of potassium affects the functioning of the nervous system, kidneys, heart. Potassium is involved in metabolism, supports water-electrolyte balance and heart contractions.

Dietitians and cardiologists suggest balancing the necessary level of this macroelement with the help of a healthy diet. Due to the products and dishes included in the potassium diet menu, the body will also make up for the lack of magnesium, phosphorus, iodine, fluorine.

What foods are recommended for potassium diet:

  • lean fish;
  • potatoes;
  • porridge;
  • dried fruits: dried apricots, prunes, raisins;
  • sea ‚Äč‚Äčkale;
  • beans: beans, lentils, peas;
  • nuts: cashews, walnuts, peanuts, almonds, hazelnuts;
  • mustard.

For the children's menu, it is recommended to add protein-free low-fat food: rabbit meat, chicken, turkey fillet. You can dilute the menu with healthy drinks and foods: carrots, cabbage, sour-milk ingredients. Disruptions to the diet are not terrible, but are not recommended for prescribed therapy.

What you can not eat with a potassium diet:

  • fast food and fast food;
  • carbonated and alcoholic drinks;
  • fatty, canned, salty;
  • caffeinated drinks: natural coffee, green tea;
  • roast.

To preserve the beneficial components, in particular potassium, vegetables and fruits are best eaten raw. During cooking or soaking, potassium goes into water, so nutritionists recommend eating soups with a yushka, cereals, raw ingredients.

Salt in the diet menu is minimized. Cardiologists call her one of the main enemies of health. Holding water in the body, salt increases the risk of hypertension. Those who have already been diagnosed with this disease are recommended to reduce its amount to 5 g per day.

Be sure to abandon fatty and fried during the diet and significantly reduce it after a treatment course. This will reduce cholesterol, which is the cause of hypertension, migraines, hemorrhages. This component is extremely undesirable for a healthy person and dangerous for a patient with cardiovascular diseases.

Drinking regimen will also require attention. Unlike many other therapeutic and preventive diets, this technique slightly limits the amount of water. To maintain the required potassium level, no more than 1.5 liters of liquid are allowed. Not only clean water is counted, but also teas, infusions, soups, etc. Since potassium has a diuretic effect, an additional burden will be required on the kidneys and bladder.

You need to eat often, portions should be small. It is important to focus on personal physical needs and prevent starvation. In order to minimize weight, it is not recommended to focus on the amount of food, as there will be no beneficial effect from the course. It is better to focus on low-calorie foods, plant foods, natural fresh.

The diet has two options. One was painted by specialists and is assigned unchanged to children and adults. It has 6 meals every day. The entire course consists of four stages: the first and second last 1-2 days (depending on the destination), the third and fourth - 2-3 days.

For those who just want to carry out prophylaxis or lose weight on a potassium diet, the classic version or their own menu is suitable. An individual diet can be drawn from the list of allowed foods. It is impossible to extend the course more than a decade.

Menu for potassium diet

A menu approved by doctors is used for the diet of an adult and a child. It is specially formulated to maximize the benefits of nutrition. This menu is applicable for the prevention, treatment of chronic diseases and the treatment of exacerbations.

Menu for the first stage (1-2 days):

  • 7:00 - 2 potatoes baked in peel, black tea or freeze-dried coffee with milk;
  • 10:00 - a glass of fresh carrot (optionally replaced with cabbage);
  • 13:00 - a portion of potato cream soup, carrot puree and fruit jelly;
  • 16:00 - 200 g of a rosehip decoction;
  • 18:00 - a portion of mashed potatoes;
  • 20:00 - a glass of fresh carrot.

If the diet is planned for 10 days, this stage lasts 2 days, and the menu repeats. The same thing happens in the second stage.

Menu of the second stage (1-2 days):

  • 7:00 - 2 potatoes baked in peel, tea or freeze-dried coffee;
  • 10:00 - a portion of wheat porridge, a glass of vegetable fresh;
  • 13:00 - cream soup from potatoes and cabbage, 2 potato dumplings, jelly;
  • 16:00 - half a glass of broth of wild rose;
  • 18:00 - pilaf with raisins, half a glass of broth of wild rose;
  • 20:00 - natural juice.

The menu of the third stage (2-3 days):

  • 7:00 - a portion of millet porridge in milk, some dried fruits;
  • 10:00 - mashed potatoes, 250 ml of natural juice;
  • 13:00 - vegetable soup with oatmeal, 2 meatballs from carrots, a glass of bacon;
  • 16:00 - half a glass of broth from rose hips;
  • 18:00 - mashed potatoes with a slice of boiled fish;
  • 20:00 - vegetable or fruit fresh.

The menu of the fourth stage (2-3 days):

  • 7:00 - buckwheat with milk, fresh vegetable salad, hot drink;
  • 10:00 - a handful of dried fruits, a glass of carrot fresh;
  • 13:00 - vegetable soup, rice porridge with pieces of boiled meat, compote;
  • 16:00 - baked apples;
  • 18:00 - potato dumplings, a slice of boiled chicken or rabbit, a glass of compote;
  • 20:00 - fresh vegetable.

For the child, you can add fruit jellies, fresh fruits, homemade compotes. Prescribed dishes can be replaced with other low-calorie ones if the diet is used for weight loss. Soups can be slightly salted, for salads it is allowed to use greens and vegetable oil. It is recommended to replace the meat for an adult menu with vegetarian dishes. For children, it is necessary to leave protein food, introduce more boiled or baked fish.

Potassium Diet Recipes

All dishes in the classic menu are quite simple, do not require special ingredients and cooking skills. Those who independently decided to adhere to such nutrition can dilute the diet, supplementing it with diet dishes, casseroles, soups, mousses. Consider several recipes that suit any category of people: losing weight, adults, children.

Carrot cutlets

Grate two large carrots or grind in a food processor. Add one chopped onion to it and put out everything in a pan with a small amount of water. After 5-7 minutes, add 3 tablespoons of semolina or oatmeal to the carrots, mix and hold on a fire for a couple more minutes. Form cutlets from the cooled mixture and send to the oven or double boiler until cooked. Carrot cutlets are great for any low-calorie diet, for adults and children.

Potato dumplings

For 250 g of mashed potatoes (without salt and oil) add a tablespoon of corn or oatmeal, one egg white. Mix the whole mass or beat with a blender. You can add a little finely chopped greens to the potato mince. From the resulting mass, form oblong knels, place in a slow cooker or a double boiler and stand them until ready. You can cook knels in the oven: place them on parchment and grease them with water or egg white.


Uzvar can be prepared from any dried fruit. In the classic recipe, it uses ready-made complex compounds: dried apple, pears, prunes. You can make it from one favorite component, raisins are not suitable for these purposes. Rinse the selected dried fruits several times in cold water. Place in a saucepan, add water and cook over low heat. After boiling, you need to cook the Uzvar for another 5 minutes, then add honey and lemon juice (or a pinch of citric acid) to it if desired. You can drink it hot or chilled, for gourmets it is recommended to add a little cloves or allspice.

Potassium Lack Prevention

The right amount of potassium is always controlled by the body itself. Excess of this component with all other useful substances is excreted naturally in the urine. Signs of its excess in the body are: excessive excitability, excessive urination, loss of sensation in the limbs, pallor of the skin. Potassium is excreted per day as much as was consumed. If a person does not consume the right amount of this macronutrient, there may be a lack of potassium.

Signs of potassium deficiency include: apathy and drowsiness, frequent constipation, appetite and stool disorder, rare urination, muscle weakness (sometimes cramps and arrhythmia). If there is a lack of potassium, you can carry out the described diet or simply enter in the menu more ingredients with potassium content: nuts, beans, dried fruits, etc. It is recommended to drink a complex of vitamins to completely restore all the necessary vitamins and useful components.

To prevent a lack of potassium, nutritionists recommend reducing the amount of salt. In addition, the causes of many health problems are canned foods, their quantity also needs to be reduced. Products with sodium also lead to leaching of potassium, they must be present in the daily menu, but in moderation.

Drinks that contain a lot of caffeine and alcohol provoke an even greater withdrawal of beneficial components from the body. Natural coffee can be replaced with decoctions and black tea, and alcohol can be minimized.

Another reason for the mass of diseases and potassium deficiency is stress. A constantly excited nervous system can provoke a number of diseases. In addition, under stress in the body sodium is retained, which is dangerous to health in general. If a similar aspect is often present in everyday life, experts advise natural soothing teas and tinctures.

Potassium diet is the best way to quickly normalize the potassium content, to prevent and treat cardiovascular diseases. The universal method is suitable for children and adults, works equally well for men and women. In addition, a healthier person is waiting for a small correction of the figure. For weight loss, this diet is good in that it burns fat, but does not remove water, so the built-up waist will please for a long time. Since the diet is a medical practice, consult your doctor before starting the course.

Watch the video: Chronic Kidney Disease: Potassium Intake (February 2020).