Red currant is a small-sized shrub whose leaves fall in winter. He belongs to perennials, and his closest relative is gooseberries. Unlike blackcurrant bushes, these are taller, as if reaching up. Every year, new shoots grow, which strengthen the shrub and take the place of dying branches, but over time they begin to grow worse.
Under good growing conditions in fertile land, shrubs will produce crops annually for 20 years, but on average this figure reaches 4-5 years. Red currants are actively grown by domestic gardeners, because it tolerates droughts and frosts very well. However, she needs a lot of light and preferably regular, but moderate watering. In total, there are about 20 different varieties of red currant, and its fruits are usually harvested in the middle and end of summer.
The main popularity is precisely blackcurrant, although there is still red and white, which are no less useful. Red currant has a pronounced smell, which people like so much, but at the same time it does not like insects at all.
That is why gardeners are trying to grow it in those places where you need to protect the crop from pests.
The history of red currants
The homeland of red currant is Western Europe, where for many centuries the plant was used as a medicine and only recently recognized as just a delicious berry.
The first mention of red currant appeared on the territory of the Slavs a long time ago, according to the annals, it was not only used, but also artificially bred in the distant eleventh century. Then this was done mainly at the monasteries, then medicines were made from it or simply used for food.
It was then that they first noticed that redcurrant and products from it help alleviate the condition of people with heart attacks, high blood pressure and other diseases associated with blood and blood vessels.
About the same effect on the human circulatory system has a pomegranate containing a high concentration of coumarins.
The berries of red currant contain a large number of different vitamins, as well as organic acids, to which it actually owes its pleasant taste. The berries contain a large amount of vitamin C and vitamin A, several types of beneficial acids, as well as minerals. In addition, the berries contain beta-carotene necessary for the normal functioning of the body. Redcurrant with regular use can even act as a prophylaxis against cancer, as it contains antioxidants that resist cancer cells.
Unlike black currants, red contains several times less ascorbic acid. But it has a much higher concentration of iron, which is necessary to create new blood cells and support blood vessels, as well as potassium, on which normal heart function and the fight against edema depend. It contains the same amount of iodine as persimmon or feijoa.
As for the calorie content of berries, it is only 39 kcal per 100 g. However, it rises significantly in dried berries: up to 283 kcal. In addition, dried berries contain a large amount of carbohydrates, so they are not recommended for people who are watching their diet or losing weight.
|Calorie content||43 kcal|
|Organic acids||2.5 g|
|Alimentary fiber||3.4 g|
|Vitamin A||33 mcg|
|Beta carotene||0.2 mg|
|Vitamin B1||0.01 mg|
|Vitamin B2||0.03 mg|
|Vitamin B5||0.06 mg|
|Vitamin B6||0.14 mg|
|Vitamin B9||3 mcg|
|Vitamin C||25 mg|
|Vitamin E||0.5 mg|
|Vitamin H||2.5 mcg|
|Vitamin PP||0.3 mg|
|Saturated Fatty Acids||0.1 g|
|Mono- and disaccharides||7.7 g|
Red currant can be considered a real record holder for the amount of iodine contained in it, which it contains about 5 mg per 100 g. This makes it a real leader in the concentration of iodine in plants familiar to us, moreover, in terms of the amount of iodine it is not inferior to feijoa, which is considered a real champion among all the plants of the world.
Vitamin A in redcurrant helps to:
- strong bones;
- good vision;
- strong hair;
- elastic young skin;
- increase immunity;
- new cell growth;
- as an anti-aging agent.
Berries are also valued as a means of combating radiation and removing it from the body. This was made possible thanks to the pectin contained in them, which has high anti-radiation effectiveness.
Redcurrant is no less widely used in cosmetology: these berries are able to cleanse the skin of the face, tighten pores, tighten the oval of the face, and give the skin a young and healthy appearance.
How to store and consume red currants
Of course, it is best to use fresh berries when available. Fresh berries can not be stored for a long time, even in the refrigerator they can hardly last more than 2 days. However, you can preserve currants, make jam, or just freeze berries that retain all their beneficial properties.
In frozen red currants, almost the entire spectrum of useful vitamins and minerals is preserved, so you can store it in the freezer. Before freezing red currants, rinse it, let it dry and put whole branches in one layer in the freezer until they freeze. After that, you can collect all the branches in one container and send it to the freezer. This will preserve the maximum of nutrients, and the berries will not be remembered or deformed.
Remember that red currants can be thermally processed, but the longer this treatment lasts, the less useful substances will ultimately come from currants.
To maintain a normal state of the body and provide the prevention of many diseases, just 200 g of berries every day is enough. If your activity is associated with excessive physical and intellectual stress, or if you suffer from a cold, you can increase the number to 300 grams daily.
A huge number of dishes are prepared from red currant, primarily desserts, jam or jelly. It is very good to use berries to create drinks: alcoholic and non-alcoholic, including stewed fruit, juices, fruit drinks, kvass or syrups. Some bold chefs even add them to salads or soups.
Redcurrant while dieting
Redcurrant stimulates the release of sweat, with which many salts are excreted. If you monitor the level of salt in the body, you can use it as a support tool for sports activities and proper nutrition.
Thanks to red currants, puffiness will subside, which sometimes haunts women on a diet, the plant will help remove excess salt and water, as well as cleanse the body of toxins. It is best to use it in the framework of protein diets, since it is in this case that it is best absorbed, in turn, improving the absorption of protein.
Thus, you will get a nutritious and healthy diet, despite the fact that most of the food will be absorbed. In addition, during the diet or if you are fasting, you can use the leaves instead of the usual tea. The leaves of red currant will help to recover, saturate the body and give an influx of strength, which is so necessary for women on a diet. Of course, it will not give an instant stimulating effect, but it will strengthen your immunity and make you healthier.
Fruits of red currant are successfully used in a large number of countries, they are prescribed for patients with diabetes, those who suffer from a lack of appetite or from nausea. Juice from berries has a mild diuretic effect, it also allows you to remove excess bile from the body. In addition, red currants can lower the temperature, help the body fight inflammation, and also acts as a natural laxative.
For medicinal purposes, not only berries are used, but also juice from them. It is very easy to get it by push-ups, because the berries are very juicy, then it is advisable to pasteurize it and can be used until the next harvest of red currant. From dried berries and leaves, an excellent medicinal tea is obtained, which also tones and improves performance.
To make such tea, it is necessary to dry the berries and leaves, be sure to separate them from each other, then grind into powder and mix the resulting powders together. To make tea, 2 tsp is enough for one cup. such a powder, a little honey or sugar to taste.
In addition, you can use the juice as a cosmetic all winter to help whiten the skin, saturate it with nutrients and improve its condition.
Redcurrant juice is actively used for patients who have a fever: it helps relieve fever, and at the same time perfectly quenches thirst, and is also able to relieve inflammation.
Juice from berries helps stimulate appetite, improve bowel function, helps to better absorb food. In addition, juice from redcurrant removes salts of uric acid well, so it is also used by those who need prevention and treatment of kidney stones.
Red currant leaves
In addition to berries, redcurrant leaves are also widely used in folk medicine, because they have significant healing properties. For example, to solve the problem of hypovitaminosis, you can use not only the berries themselves, but also buy red currants in the pharmacy, which will contain leaves.
From these leaves, you can make an infusion, pour 2 tbsp in 250 ml of hot water. l leaves, and then thoroughly warm them in a water bath for 10-15 minutes. It must be drunk in 80 ml for 5 days.
It is the leaves that are used for the supportive treatment of cystitis, for this you need to make an infusion: pour 50 g of leaves with 200 ml of boiling water, close the container and put in a warm place (or use a thermos), and leave for 4 hours. After this, it is necessary to carefully strain the infusion and drink 3 times a day after meals.
Unlike sour berries, redcurrant leaves can help with increased acidity in the stomach. For treatment it is necessary to take high-quality white wine, add 50 g of fresh leaves to it and infuse the resulting mixture for 2 weeks, in the dark and cool, periodically shaking. For an effective and pronounced therapeutic effect, you need to take 50 grams half an hour before meals.
If you need the diuretic effect of red currant, add 20 grams of leaves to a glass of boiling water, and then insist them until the composition has completely cooled. Infusions need to drink 2 tablespoons 3 times a day.
Who benefits from red currants
Due to the presence of coumarin substances, red currant is very useful for people as a prophylaxis of diseases of the circulatory system, including heart attacks and strokes. It reduces blood coagulability, as a result, help the body bind cholesterol and prevent the development of atherosclerosis.
That is why redcurrant is so useful for older people, especially since it fills the body with energy and helps with overwork.
Including red currants are recommended for professional athletes if they need to restore or maintain strength for training and competition.
If you need to get rid of such a nuisance as constipation, just add 3 tablespoons of berries to a glass of hot water, then insist for 4 hours. The resulting infusion should be taken 3 times a day for a quarter cup half an hour before meals.
If you want to lose weight, it will be very useful for you to include red currants in your diet. It has a very low calorie content, at the same time it nourishes the body with a wide range of useful vitamins and minerals: nutritionists therefore often include it in the menu of their patients.
The benefits of red currants for men
Men should pay special attention to the berries of red currant, as they are able to saturate the body with useful substances, maintain good vision and help normal kidney function.
The use of red currant is very important for those men whose work and daily activities are associated with regular physical activity.
The fact is that red currant helps to quickly restore the expended strength, as well as maintain the heart and blood vessels in perfect condition. Vitamin A contained in redcurrant helps minimize inflammation, including on the skin, and also helps maintain male reproductive health.
Benefits for women
The combination of vitamin A and vitamin E in redcurrant berries gives an amazing and very useful result for women. In folk medicine, red currant is called a berry of female beauty: if you regularly use it for food, the positive effect will quickly become noticeable: the hair will become better, the nails are stronger and the skin is more beautiful.
In addition to ingestion, red currant is used as a decoction, which is added to cosmetics for daily use, and from which masks are made. Well, the decoction also helps those women who want to achieve a natural and beautiful complexion, but have too pale skin: red currants stimulate blood circulation, relieve blood clots and allow you to look blooming.
Despite all the useful properties of red currant, there is also harm. These berries and products from them should not be consumed by those people who have an ulcer, acute gastritis, hepatitis or low blood coagulation.