Cherry is one of the earliest fruiting crops of the late spring or early summer, which pleases with its sweet taste and vibrant appearance. Cherry is also called bird cherry.
Sweet cherry belongs to the pink family. This tree, about 10 meters high, is one of the oldest woody plants. Cherry is considered one of the oldest forms of cherries and fruit trees, which was cultivated by man. According to some reports, these trees began to be cultivated more than 8000 years ago. According to legend, in the small town of Kerasunte, the ancient Romans first saw the fruits of the plant, which they called Kerasunta fruits, from which later the name in Latin - cerasi.
At a young age, the tree grows rapidly, forming an ovoid crown. Young trees have brown bark with reddish or silver shades and stripes. The leaves are large, egg-shaped. Flowers appear before leaves, bisexual, snowy white, in the form of umbrella inflorescences. Cherry blossoms from April or May. Fruits are spherical, heart-shaped or oval in shape, from light yellow to maroon. The largest fruits reach 2 centimeters in diameter. The pulp is very juicy and fleshy, inside of which there is one hard bone. The state register of the Russian Federation includes 40 varieties of sweet cherries, among which the most large-fruited are Tyutchevka and Iput. The most famous early varieties: Ariadna, Dessert, Dana, Dagestanka, Goryanka, Iput and others. Among the most popular late varieties are the Veda, Tyutchevka, Annushka, Golubushka, Lezginka and French Black.
The fruit has a rich taste, they are consumed both fresh and in the form of compote or juice. Flowers give nectar, propolis glue and pollen to bees.
The difference between cherries and cherries
Cherry is often confused with cherries. These fruits have an external resemblance, however, there are a number of certain signs by which one can easily distinguish cherries from cherries, namely:
- sweet and fleshy cherries, and cherries - juicy, with a sour taste;
- cherry is a tree, cherry can be either a tree or a bush;
- cherry leaves are larger;
- sweet cherry grows only in the southern regions, cherry can grow at low temperature;
- cherry fruits can be from light yellow to maroon, and cherry fruits from red to red-brown;
- cherries are not used for processing due to low acidity, and cherries make jams, jams and jams.
Chemical composition and nutritional value
Sweet cherry refers to low-calorie foods. Its calorie content is 50 kcal in fresh form, and 54 kcal in canned form.
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Cherry also contains glucose, sucrose, fructose and starch.
The high content of vitamins, micro and macro elements in cherries gives it useful properties. Due to the presence of retinol in the fruits, it is very useful to use them to strengthen bone tissue and strengthen the retina. The presence of vitamin B1 in fruits helps in the work of the metabolic process of substances. The presence of vitamin B6 helps in the work of the liver, brain and heart muscle, and vitamin PP in the fruit is useful for stimulating the respiratory process in the cells. The content of coumarin and oxycoumarin in the fruit affects the reduction of blood coagulability and prevents the formation of blood clots in blood vessels. Dark fruits are useful for high blood pressure and for lowering cholesterol. This property results from the potassium content in the cherry, which removes fluid from the body, while sodium retains fluid. Potassium, entering the body, reduces the load on the heart and kidneys, removing excess fluid. An excess of potassium is regulated by the body.
The fruit is useful in diseases of the liver and kidneys due to its phosphorus content. This helps strengthen the walls of organs and remove toxins from the body.
You should also eat fruits for rheumatism, gout and arthritis. It is useful to eat a glass of sweet cherry daily to reduce pain and drink half a glass of juice.
Due to the iron content in the fruits, which stimulates blood formation, it is recommended to use it for anemia.
With spastic colitis, constipation, atony and other diseases of the intestine, it is useful to consume fresh fruits and compotes. The substance of amygdalin helps to reduce stomach pain and stimulates appetite, and fiber helps with dysbiosis.
When the fruit contains many organic acids, it has an alkaline reaction. Therefore, the fruit is useful in gastritis with high acidity, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer.
The fruits contain a lot of magnesium, which perfectly helps to cope with insomnia, neurosis and stress.
For diabetics, cherries are considered an alternative product due to the large amount of fructose in them.
In case of cosmetic defects, it is useful to apply nutritious masks consisting of sour cream and mashed fruits. A mask of cherries and strawberries perfectly cleanses, removes dead cells and nourishes the skin.
Hot stewed fruit without sugar is good for coughing. It has an expectorant effect. Decoctions of flowers and leaves are a strong anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effect, which is very useful for colds.
Harm and contraindications
It is not recommended to consume a lot of cherries for diabetes. In the presence of allergies, it is recommended to eat only light fruits. It is contraindicated to use them for bowel obstruction. During pregnancy, it is not recommended to eat more than 500 grams per day. It is also not advisable to eat fruit after eating, it is recommended to wait 30 minutes. To avoid bloating, you need to eat cherries calmly, individually and no more than 300 grams at a time.
How to choose and store
You need to buy cherries in June-July. Her appearance should be dense, elastic, without dents or cuts. If the stalks are dry, then the fruits are overripe or stored for a long time. Fresh fruits always have green and flexible stalks. Be sure to choose dry products, otherwise they will quickly deteriorate and bloom. There should also be no smell of fermentation.
You need to store the fruits in a cool place in a dry container. To do this, put a layer of dried cherry leaves on the bottom of the container, put dry fruits on them and alternate layer by layer. Without stalks, fruits can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 3 weeks. For longer storage, the cherries are frozen without seeds and leaflets. Frozen fruits can be stored for up to 8 months. They can also be dried for a long shelf life. To do this, blanch in hot water for several minutes, cool and let the water drain. Then put on a baking sheet and dry in the oven at a temperature of 60 degrees, adding 20-25 degrees after the fruits become dried.
In order to rid the fruits of pesticides, you need to place them in a container of water and 1 teaspoon of salt for an hour.
There are many culinary recipes. However, there are some of the most popular recipes that are quick and easy to prepare.
To make compote, you will need 3 liters of water, 500 grams of sweet cherry, 200 grams of granulated sugar and 1/3 lemon. The fruits need to be washed and the stalks removed, then poured into a pan and pour boiling water. Add sugar, lemon and cook for about 10 minutes. After that, cool the compote and put in a cold place overnight.
Sweet cherry and blackcurrant compote
To prepare the recipe you will need 1 kilogram of sweet cherry, 100 grams of black currant, 2 liters of water and 1.5 cups of sugar. Wash the fruits, sort and put them in a sterilized bottle. Pour boiling water over the fruits and leave for 5-10 minutes. Pour water into another container and add sugar to it and bring to a boil. After this, pour the syrup into the bottle and cover with a sterilized lid for 5-10 minutes. Then again drain the water and boil the syrup again and add to the bottle. Roll up the lid and turn the bottle over until the compote cools in it. Store stewed fruit in a cool dark place.